Skip to main content

Data Security Basics

By 26.9.2023No Comments

Data security is a critical aspect of any company’s infrastructure. It shields sensitive information from hackers and ensures only the right people can access it. Data security also helps companies to adhere to industry regulations and keep trust between employees and customers.

Data security measures are usually combined with encryption and access control. These tools are designed to protect confidentiality, integrity and accessibility of data within your organization. Encryption encrypts the data in a way that it cannot be read by anyone who doesn’t have the appropriate key. Access control uses roles and policies to limit database or file level access according to the least privilege principle. Other tools, such as tokenization and masking, replace sensitive information with less sensitive representations that are useful to authorized users but that hackers cannot take advantage of.

Finally, backups and other redundant copies of your crucial data are vital to ensure that you are able to recover from cyber attacks and hardware failures. To protect against data loss or unauthorised modifications, you should store regular, complete, differential and incremental backups in a variety of locations.

A lot of the best measures for data security are easy and inexpensive. For example, requiring strong passwords or changing your credentials frequently. Training for employees can turn employees into an intelligent firewall, assisting to identify and fight social engineering attacks. Other data security basics include multi-factor authentication, as well as protecting networks and devices from unauthorized access. A privacy policy for data, along with clear notifications, can help your customers be aware of the methods utilized by your company and allow them the option to opt out.